Birder's Guide

MAR 2016

Birder's Guide is the American Birding Association's newest publication. Each issue focuses on a key subject, providing tips from experienced birders on a wide variety of topics like Travel, Listing & Taxonomy, Gear, and Conservation & Community.

Issue link: http://bg.aba.org/i/649554

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28 Birder's Guide to Travel | March 2016 Birding Newfoundland schools of fsh. Joining them are smaller numbers of Manx Shearwater, which has its only known North American colo- ny on Newfoundland's Middle Lawn Island. Pomarine, Para- sitic, and occasionally Long-tailed jaegers are regularly spot- ted in the midst of these feeding frenzies, and a few lucky observers may even be able to pick out a much scarcer Great or South Polar skua. Of course, these events are also asso- ciated with the world's largest gathering of humpback, fn, and minke whales, among other marine mammals, making for a spectacle like no other. Many northern songbirds can also be seen and heard dur- ing a visit to the Avalon Peninsula. The boreal forests are home to many sought-after species including Boreal Chicka- dee, Blackpoll Warbler, Yellow-bellied Flycatcher, Fox Spar- row, and Gray-cheeked Thrush among others. Heading west across the island, visitors will encounter more mixed and deciduous forests with an increasing diversity of songbirds. "Yellow" Palm Warbler, Mourning Warbler, Red-eyed and Blue-headed vireos, Lincoln's Sparrow, and Alder Flycatcher become more commonplace, along with Swainson's Thrush and the island's endemic percna subspecies of Red Crossbill. These birds, which have distinct calls and thicker bills com- pared to other Red Crossbill subspecies, have experienced a steep population decline in recent decades and are currently endangered. Central Newfoundland Terra Nova National Park, Canada's most easterly national park, is characterized by a combination of lush boreal for- ests, ponds, spruce bogs, rocky coastline and sheltered ocean inlets. The quiet roads and beautiful hiking trails in the park can be an excellent place to spot species such as Spruce Grouse, Black-backed Woodpecker, and Gray Jay. Raptors such as Northern Goshawk, Merlin, Boreal Owl, and Northern Saw-whet Owl nest in these largely coniferous forests, while Osprey and Bald Eagle are common in coastal areas. The park's many wetlands are home to American Bit- tern, Olive-sided Flycatcher, and Rusty Blackbird, as well as a number of breeding shorebirds. Left, top to bottom: n Black Guillemot. Photo © Jared Clarke n Sanderlings. Photo © Jared Clarke n Arctic Tern. Photo © Jared Clarke Below: n Icebergs in Bonavista Bay. Photo © Jared Clarke

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