Birder's Guide

OCT 2016

Birder's Guide is the American Birding Association's newest publication. Each issue focuses on a key subject, providing tips from experienced birders on a wide variety of topics like Travel, Listing & Taxonomy, Gear, and Conservation & Community.

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Page 27 of 61

26 Birder's Guide to Listing & Taxonomy | October 2016 Species Changes Morphology Vocalizations Plumage & Bare Parts Ecology & Behavior Level of Hybridization Genetic Divergence References Current Taxomomy Potential New Taxonomy Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Split Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons Tule Goose A. gambeli Greenland White-fronted Goose A. flavirostris (V) √ + √ 48,54,137 Brant Branta bernicla Split Dark-bellied Brant Branta bernicla (V) Black Brant B. orientalis Light-bellied Brant B. hota Gray-bellied Brant B. nigricans √ + √ 28,132 Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus Split Whistling Swan Cygnus columbianus Bewick's Swan C. bewickii (V) √ √ 39,51 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Split Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Mexican Duck A. diazi √ + √ - √ 40,41,83,110,122 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Split Common Teal Anas crecca Green-winged Teal A. carolinensis √ + √ √ 83,110 Common Eider Somateria mollissima Split Common Eider Somateria mollissima Pacific Eider S. v-nigra + + √ √ 9 White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca Split Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca (X) White-winged Scoter M. deglandi Stejneger's Scoter M. stejnegeri (V) √ + 36 Common Merganser Mergus merganser Split Goosander Mergus merganser (V) American Merganser M. americanus √ √ 39,55 Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Split Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus Grayson's Bobwhite C. graysoni (X) Rufous-bellied Bobwhite C. pectoralis (X) Masked Bobwhite C. coyolcos √ + √* 39,131 Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis Split Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis Franklin's Grouse F. franklinii √ + √ √ √ 14,147 Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta Split Rock Ptarmigan Lagopus muta Evermann's Ptarmigan L. evermanni Newfoundland Ptarmigan L. welchi √ + √ 71 Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis Clark's Grebe A. clarkii Lump Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis √ + + √ √ 4,133 White-capped Albatross Thalassarche cauta (V) Split Tasman Shy Albatross Thalassarche cauta (V) Auckland Shy Albatross T. steadi (V) √ + √ √ 1,2,25,72,159 Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans (V) Split Snowy Albatross Diomedea exulans (X) Gibson's Albatross D. gibsoni (V) Antipodes Albatross D. antipodensis (V) + + √ √ 25,30,72,159 Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Split Atlantic Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Pacific Fulmar F. rodgersii √ + √ 70,94 Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata Split Black-capped Petrel Pterodroma hasitata White-faced Petrel Pterodroma sp.nov. + * 72,73 Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Split Scopoli's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea Cory's Shearwater C. borealis √ + + √ √ 40,41,62,72,158 Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Split Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa Chapman's Storm-Petrel O. chapmani + * + √ 72,77 Band-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro Split Madeiran Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma castro Grant's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma sp.nov. Monteiro's Storm-Petrel O. monteiroi (X) Cape Verde Storm-Petrel O. jabejabe (X) Darwin's Storm-Petrel O. bangsi (X) Pacific Storm-Petrel O. cryptoleucura (X) + + √ √ √ 20, 72,76,176,180 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Split Caribbean Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis California Brown Pelican P. californicus √ +* * * Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Split Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Great White Heron A. occidentalis + + √ 67,124 Great Egret Ardea alba Split Great Egret Ardea alba (X) African Great Egret A. melanorhynchos (X) American Egret A. egretta Eastern Great Egret A. modesta (V) √ + √ √ 40,41,67,123,149 Little Egret Egretta garzetta (V) Western Reef-Heron E. gularis (V) Dimorphic Heron (E. dimorpha) (X) Lump Little Egret Egretta garzetta √ + √ √ 40,41,67 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Split Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Eastern Cattle Egret B. coromandus (V) √ + 40,41,67 Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus Split Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus Red-breasted Hawk B. elegans √ + √ 78 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Split Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis Harlan's Hawk B. harlani √ + √* 150 TABLE 2 • A list of possible future splits and lumps in the ABA Area.

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